Peacocks and peahens—these are the birds known as peafowl, members of the pheasant family. Although most people call the species peacocks, the word really only refers to the male bird. Just like among chickens, where the male is called a rooster or cock and the female is called a hen, male peafowl are peacocks, female peafowl are peahens, and babies are peachicks! There are two peafowl species: Indian or blue peafowl and green peafowl. Most people are familiar with the Indian peafowl, since that is the kind found in many zoos and parks.
As omnivores, peafowls eat plants, berries, seeds and insects.
The blue peafowl lives in India and Sri Lanka, while the green peafowl is found in Java and Myanmar (Burma). A more distinct and little-known species, the Congo peafowl, inhabits African rain forests.
Did you know?
The Indian peafowl is the national bird of India and is protected in that country. To Hindus, the peafowl is a sacred bird; the spots on the peacock’s train symbolize the eyes of the gods.