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Monday, November 28, 2016

Plains Leopard Frog

Photo Credit: Don Becker

The Plains leopard frog, sometimes referred to as Blair's leopard frog, named after the noted zoologist and University of Texas professor, Dr. W. Frank Blair.

The Plains leopard drog is a medium sized frog, typically ranging from 2-3.5 inches (50-90 mm). Coloration is brown or gray on top with round brown or black spots on the back and sides. A dark spot is usually present on the snout. The upper jaw has a distinct line along the upper jaw. The tympanum typically has a light spot. Toes have well developed webbing. The dorsolateral stripe is broken posteriorly. Underparts are white with pale yellow near the groin and inner thighs.

They live in grassland areas of the Midwest (from southern South Dakota in the north to central Texas in the south and from New Mexico in the west to western Indian in the east). These frogs can be found floodplains, ditches, farm ponds, small streams, marshes.

The Plains leopard frogs' diet consists of a wide variety of invertebrates (worms, aquatic insects, small minnows).

Did you know?
This species breeds from mid-April to early June. Females may produce between 4,000 and 6,500 eggs. Eggs hatch in 2 to 3 weeks. Tadpoles are herbivorous but may feed on dead animal matter. This species disperses between ponds on rainy nights. During the winter, adults or tadpoles hibernate in the leaves and mud at the bottom of ponds and streams.

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