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The largest member of the deer family, the moose lives in forests, bogs and marshlands where, for the most part of the year, it feeds on...

Monday, March 27, 2017


The largest member of the deer family, the moose lives in forests, bogs and marshlands where, for the most part of the year, it feeds on aquatic plants and young shoots. During the winter months, however, its diet usually consists of branches, bushes, and bark

The antlers of the male moose (bull) are impressive. Made entirely of fast-growing bone, these antlers appear during the spring and summer and are cast off nine months later. New ones grow and are discarded each year.

Males are generally solitary, while females are usually accompanied by their calves, which are born in the spring after a 250-day gestation period.

A moose is most susceptible of its predators (wolves, bear, and man) during the winter months, not because it has shed its antlers, but because it is weakened from the rut (the mating season), during which time they do not feed.

Did you know?
An Alaskan moose can grow a rack of antlers with a span of six feet, equal in weight to the skeleton of a normal adult human.

Monday, March 13, 2017

Brown Recluse

The brown recluse spider is well-known for its appearance and poisonous bite. It is the most common and widespread of the brown spiders, but it is found only in the south and central United States.

Brown recluse spiders live in a region comprising Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Mississippi, Alabama and parts of Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Iowa and Nebraska.

The brown recluse gets its name from its color and its "shy nature."Brown recluses often hide in dark, secluded places, like under porches or deep in closets. The brown recluse thrives in man-made areas, and may be found under trash cans, tires, etc. It is primarily nocturnal and lays its eggs from May to July.

Adult specimens vary in color from dull yellow to tawny, dark brown. Younger spiders are lighter in color than adults. The abdomen of the brown recluse has no stripes or spots. Adults measure approximately 6 to 11 mm in length of body. At the widest leg span, their bodies are roughly the size of a United States quarter.

Did you know?
Female brown recluses generate one to five egg sacs which can contain 31-300 eggs. Eggs usually hatch in about a month. Development from egg to adult is approximately a year.

Monday, March 6, 2017

Atlantic Bonito

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The Atlantic bonito is a large mackerel-like fish of the family Scombridae. It is common in shallow waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Black Sea, where it is an important commercial and game fish.

Atlantic bonito belong to a group which have the dorsal fins very near, or separated by a narrow interspace. Its body is completely scaled, with those scales in the pectoral fin area and the lateral line usually larger in size. Bonitos (fish in the genus Sarda) differ from tuna by their compressed bodies, their lack of teeth on the roof of the mouth, and certain differences in coloration.

Atlantic bonito share Atlantic waters with the striped bonito, Sarda orientalis (the Atlantic population of which is sometimes considered a separate species, Sarda velox). The striped bonito has been taken on the Atlantic coast as far north as Cape Cod. It is similar in its habits, but somewhat smaller than the more common Atlantic bonito. The Atlantic bonito can be distinguished from its relative by its dark oblique stripes on the back and with a maxillary only about half as long as the head, whereas the striped bonito has striping on its topside nearly horizontal and a maxillary more than half the length of the head.

Atlantic bonito grow up to 75 centimetres (30 in) and weigh 5–6 kilograms (11–13 lb) at this size.

Did you know?
The Atlantic bonito eats mackerel, menhaden, alewives, silversides, sand lances, and other fish, as well as squid.
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